What are the complications of varicose veins?
In more severe cases, venous insufficiency and reflux can cause darkening of the skin
(hyperpigmantation), especially in the lower third of the leg
and around the ankle region.
There may be inflammation of the skin (dermatitis) resulting in further discoloration and eczema.
Inadequate nutrition may cause the skin to thin out and become papery, and ultimately
scrape off. This results in wounds (ulcers) that may be very
difficult to treat. An ulcer is a very painful, open wound where the skin layer has
actually died and the underlying flesh is exposed. The non-healing ulcers may rarely
turn cancerous (malignant ulcers).
The thinned out or ulcerated skin may expose the dilated engorged veins, which in turn
may bleed profusely even with trivial injury (hemorrhage).